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Work and Labour in Newfoundland & Labrador

Traditionally, most of the work in the province was completed by women while Newfoundland’s history has been associated with fishing, at first the trans-Atlantic migratory cod-fishery and, from the early 19th century fisheries based in Newfoundland.

During the 19th Century, Newfoundland Cod-fishing was pursed by family enterprises. These families would sell their fish to the highest bidder, yet they were bound by debt and credit to a merchant who would take their fish in exchange for supplies. The men would catch the fish, split the catch, salt it, and lay it out to dry and tended while drying by the whole family. Usually the women would bear some of the heaviest burden. Fishing families would also hunt; gather wild food, garden and keep livestock. The men would also maintain boats, gear, houses and outbuildings while the women would keep the household maintained, made cloth and clothing and produced, prepared and served food.

During the 19th Century, the seal fishery and Labrador Cod fishery began to expand as did the Grand Banks fishery. Both provided a source of employment and income for the fisherman who served aboard the vessels and those who worked in ship-building and other marine trades.

The specialized trades soon developed in the larger centers of the province, particularly in St. Johns where the first craft union was developed and organised. The city became the first to have a small number of clerical and “white collar” positions in government, retail trade and small service sector (Memorial University of Newfoundland and the C.R.B Foundation).

Types of Jobs

There are a number of job opportunities available in the St. Anthony region. Some of these are located in various industries including the medical profession, retail, fishery, tourism, forestry, service and culture.

Jobs in the St. Anthony Region

St. Anthony has a diverse economy – especially considering the relatively remote location and smaller population..

The fishery has always been the strongest economic contributor in St. Anthony, with many associated services, such as the St. Anthony Cold Storage facilities, which prepare and package and store seafood products in a massive facility, located in St. Anthony..

Charles S. Curtis Memorial Hospital serves all of Southern Labrador and Northern Newfoundland.. Many health professionals reside in St. Anthony.. The hospital also provides many associated jobs, such as maintenance, administration, patient care, food preparation, information technology, etc.. There is also a provincial Telehealth Care centre, located in the hospital..

Other local economic contributors include 80 Degrees North (Iceberg Water).. Tourism is another large contributor to our regional economy (accommodations, restaurants, souvenir shops, boat tours, etc)..

St. Anthony is the hub of many regional communities for shopping, schooling and many services – which provide many jobs for St. Anthony and area residents..

Oil and Gas Industry in Newfoundland & Labrador

Over the past few years, the oil and gas sector has been an increasingly important part of the provincial economy. It was estimated that oil productions would reach 137.6 million barrels, representing a 24% growth over 2006. This growth was due to the production of Terra Nova and White Rose (The Economic Review 2007).

The price of crude oil has also increased substantially with US $ 12.97 per barrel in 1998 to US $65.16 in 2006. The reason behind the price escalates is the increased world demand and instability of supply. There is a rapid economic growth in emerging market regions such as China and India with an increase in oil demand (The Economic Review 2007).


Hibernia was first discovered in 1979 and is located 315km east southeast of St. John’s Newfoundland, in 80 meters of water. The field is very significant by any standards. Hibernia is an offshore oil field that is owned by ExxonMobil Canada, Chevron Canada Resources , Petro-Canada , Canada Hibernia Holding Corporation, Murphy Oil and Statoil Hydro Canada Ltd. The topsides facility accommodates all drilling, producing and utility equipment on the Hibernia platform, and provides living quarters for the steady-state crew of approximately 185 people. This facility has a design capacity of approximately 230,000 barrels of crude oil produced each day (Hibernia). ). According to 2005-2006 Annual Report, developed by Department of Natural Resource, the Hibernia project generated 804 employed individuals in the onshore and offshore project operations.

For further information on employment opportunities, contact:
Suite 1000
100 New Gower Street
St. John’s, NL A1C 6K3
Phone: (709) 778-7000

Terra Nova

The Terra Nova oil field is approximately 350 kilometers from St. Johns, Newfoundland and 35 kilometers south-east of the Hibernia oil field, in 90-100 meters of water. This oil field is divided into three distinct areas known as the Graben, East Flank and Far East. During December 13, 2007, there were 14 development wells drilled in the Graben area, 11 in East Flank and two in the Far East. In 2007, Husky’s share of production from Terra Nova was 5.3 million barrels or an average of 14,500 barrels per day (Husky Energy). According to 2005-2006 Annual Report, developed by Department of Natural Resources, there where 909 persons employed at the end of the year working on the Terra Nova Project.

For further information, contact:

White Rose

The White Rose Oil Field is located approximately 350 kilometers off the coast of Newfoundland on the eastern margin of the Jeanne D’Arc basin. In November 2005, the first oil was taken from the White Rose with approximately 42 million barrels produced in 2007. Husky has plans to develop satellite fields West White Rose, North Amethyst and the South White Rose extension through a series of sub sea facilities. In 2008, the White Rose is expected to produce 115,000 barrels per day with 83,000 barrels per day net to Husky (Husky Energy).


The Hebron field was discovered in 1981 and consists of Hebron, Ben Nevis and West Ben Nevis fields. It is estimated to contain 700 million barrels of oil and is located offshore Newfoundland’s Jeanne d’Arc basin, about 350 kilometers out to sea from St. John’s. The province of Newfoundland & Labrador reached a deal on the Hebron oilfield project on August 22, 2007. The skills people who are currently working in the province of Alberta are excited about the prospect of moving back to the province and being given employment opportunities. The project of Hebron and Inco was proposed a hydromet plant in Long Harbour, Placentia Bay are expected to create thousands of jobs over the next few years. Newfoundland and Labradors Premier, Danny Williams, has predicted that the employment levels for the Hebron project will be greater than that of Terra Nova or White Rose projects.
(CBC News).


In Newfoundland and Labrador, there are 430 advanced technology firms in 1997 that employed approximately 6, 400 individuals and generated an annual revenue of $470million dollars, making it a significant contributor to the provinces economy. Within the advanced technology sector, Information Technology (IT) is the single largest segment of business activity. A number of factors have contributed to the overall IT growth including the establishment of the Internet and the creation of spin-off opportunities, demand for global telecommunications, the effect of IT products and services. Some of the IT companies that have impressively grown during 1996 include:

•Newtel Communications
•NewTel Information Solutions Limited
•Cable Atlantic
•NewEast Wireless Telecom
•Nautical Data International,
•Seaborne Information Technologies Ltd.
•Instrumar Ltd (Government of Newfoundland and Labrador)


The mining industry in Newfoundland and Labrador produces more than a dozen mineral commodities that are contributors to our provincial economy. The industry produces materials used in road construction, electrical generation and distribution. Employment in the mining industry in the province is projected to be 4,028 people in 2008 which would be an increase of 350 over the 2007 estimate. The following is a list of operating mines and quarries in Newfoundland and Labrador:

•Atlantic Barite Limited (Buchans)
•Anaconda Mining Inc (Pine Cove)
•Atlantic Minerals Limited (Lower Cove)
•Aur Resources Inc. (Duck Pond)
•Beaver Brook Antimony Mine Inc (Beaver Brook)
•Crew Gold Canada Limited (Nugget Pond)
•Galen Gypsum Mines Ltd (Coal Brook)
•Hi-Point Industries (1991) Limited (Bishops Falls)
•Hurley Slate Works Company Inc (Burgoynes Cove)
•Iron Ore Company of Canada (Labrador City)
•Shabogamo Mining and Exploration Limited (Labrador City)
•Terra Nova Granite (2007) Jumpers Brook
•Torngait Ujaganniavingit Corporation (Ten Mile Bay)
•Vale Inco Newfoundland and Labrador Limiter (Voisey’s Bay)
•Wabush Mines Limited (Wabush)
•(Mining in Newfoundland and Labrador)


Abitibi-Consolidated was originally formed by the merger of Abitibi-Price and Stone-Consolidated on May 29, 1997. Both companies where Canadian based and where looking for an opportunity to enter the global economy. The deal was approved by 99% of the shareholders which created the world’s largest producer of newsprint and uncoated ground wood paper (Abitibi-Consolidated). To obtain employment information, contact:
Contact Information:

7 Mill Road
P.O. Box 500
Grand Falls-Windsor, NL A2A 2K1
Contact: Bill Browne
Phone: (709) 292-3244


The vision of the provinces Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation: “is of a province which benefits from sustainable tourism and cultural industries, fosters creativity through the arts, preserves and interprets the province’s cultural heritage and promotes physical activity, recreation and sport development.”

The Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation consists of:

•Tourism Marketing- marketing Newfoundland and Labrador to become a top travel destination. Programs include advertising, communications, market development and travel trade.
•Strategic Tourism Product Development-working with tourism industry to develop high-quality, competitive products and a professional tourism industry
•Cultural Heritage- protects, preserves and interprets the provinces cultural heritage with the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador (HFNL)
•Contemporary Arts-provides financial assistance to artists through the Newfoundland and Labrador Arts Council, support the film industry through the Newfoundland and Labrador Film Development Corporation and cultural infrastructure such as Arts and Culture Centres
•Recreation and Sports-encompasses active living, sport and community recreation programs in support of healthier lifestyles and community based organizations and support for provincial and national sports programs
•(Newfoundland and Labrador-Department of Tourism, Cuflture and Recreation)
The Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation employed 166 permanent full-time employees in June 2006. At this time, there were also 297 temporary employees working as clerks, theatre ushers, museum interpreters, technicians, lifeguards and swimming instructors, 32 where seasonal and 18 employees where hired on contractual basis. From the total number of 512 employees hired, 176 individuals where male while 337 where female
(Newfoundland and Labrador-Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation).


The vision of the provinces Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture is: “sustainable fishing and aquaculture industries that are achieving their optimum economic contribution to the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador.”

The Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture consists of

•Licensing- Licenses all fish processing operations, fish buyers and aquaculture facilities and sites operating in Newfoundland & Labrador
•Development and Diversification- The department provides technical and financial support in the development of harvesting, culturing, processing and marketing in the fisheries and aquaculture industries
•Inspection, Compliance and Regulatory Enforcement – The department conducts comprehensive inspection, compliance and regulatory programs for the fishing industry and aquaculture sector within its legislative authorities
•Policy Development and Planning – The department develops, implements, and provides advice on fisheries and aquaculture policies for the support of resource/industry management, growth, and development.

The Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture employed 113 individuals during the fiscal year of 2006-2007. From this number, 62 of these employees where located in the St. John’s office while the remaining where stationed at other regional offices across the province.

According to Statistics Canada, the 2006 community profile indicated that 290 individuals over 15 years of age have experience in the agriculture and other resource-based industries while the province of Newfoundland and Labrador as a whole had 24,500 individuals.

Farming (Natural Resources)
The vision of Newfoundland and Labradors Department of Natural Resources states:
“is of a province that is realizing the full benefit from its forestry, agrifoods, mineral, and energy resources in a sustainable manner.”

The Department of Natural Resources consists of the following five branches:

•Forestry Services
•Industrial Benefits

Forestry Services
Lines of Business include:

• Management of Forest Resources-responsible for policy
• Legislation, programs and forest management planning
• Regional Services-responsible for delivery of silviculture, resource roads, forest fire suppression and enforcement/compliance programs
• Enforcement of legislated requirements-Enforcement of Provinces Forestry and Wildlife Acts
• Licensing and Permitting-Regional/District offices issue licensing and permits for: cutting timber, sawmilling, burning of brush, operating harvesting equipment during fire season, exporting timber, timber scaling, possession permits for wildlife, beaver trap lines, transportation of firearms, export of game and management of nuisance animals on farmlands.
• Employment

The branch employs approximately 510 permanent, temporary and seasonal individuals in the delivery of its programs. From this number, 14% of individuals are women.

Mines, Energy, Industrial Benefits and Agrifoods
Mines Branch-Responsible for assessment, promotion, development and management of the Provinces geology, mineral resources and mineral potential in a manner that maximizes the contribution of this sector to the economic-being of the Province.


Employment in the mining and exploration industries rose to over 3,400 individuals of direct employment in 2006, an increase from 3.264 in 2005.

Energy Branch – responsible for promoting and facilitating the effective and efficient management of the Provinces electricity and petroleum resources from assessment through to development and production.
Industrial Benefits- maximise benefits to the local economy from development of large scale resource projects.

The oil and gas Sector of Newfoundland and Labrador directly employed upwards of 3,000 individuals at the end of 2006 which is approximately 1.3% of total employment in the Province.

Agrifoods-responsible for promoting and continued development, expansion and diversification of the primary value-added agrifoods sector.

According to the Provincial Annual Report for 2005-2006, the average monthly on-farm paid employment reached the highest level in the past ten years at 2,150 persons. October was the peak employment season with 3,200 individuals, an increase from 2,200 in September 2002.


The Department of Innovation, Trade and Rural Development is responsible for leading the creation and maintenance of a competitive economic environment that encourages and supports private sector growth and long-term sustainable employment opportunities for the people of the province.
Lines of Business include:

• Small and medium-enterprise (SME) development
• Industrial diversification
• Innovation
• Business promotion, trade and investment development
• New Initiatives in Regional Economic Development
• Regional/Sectoral Diversification Fun
•Purpose is to address funding gaps of sector organizations, economic development groups, and community based organisations involved in economic development- $5 million dollar fund released in March 2005
• Newfoundland and Labrador Diversification Program
• Researches the diversification potential of the local economy and is designed to improve regional capacity to meet economic development needs.
• Community Development
• Delivers training workshops through a network of sixty-five facilitators, to organisations interested in strengthening their communities.
• Business Retention and Expansion
• Community Based Economic development tool that helps local leaders identify barriers to survival and growth facing businesses.
• Newfoundland and Labrador Federation of Co-Operators (NLFC) Development Network
• Partnership that will advance the key priorities of a new regional cooperative development strategy.
• Manufacturing Development focuses on the non-resource enterprises including craft and apparel. Manufacturing in Newfoundland and Labrador includes boat building, natural stone, plastics, building products and wood products, metal working, value-added agrifoods, Support for industry growth in new economy sectors focuses on aerospace and defence, environmental industries, information and communications technology, life sciences, and marines and oceans technology (Department of Innovation, Trade and Rural Development).


The Manufacturing business is composed of approximately 600 businesses which provide a wide variety of products. During the first eleven months of 2007, the province had and average of 16,200 employees in the manufacturing sector. This number increased by 2.3% from 2006 (Department of Innovation, Trade and Rural Development).


The growth of employment in Newfoundland and Labrador is evident in the goods and services sectors. The service sector includes trade, business services and accommodations and food services. All of these experienced significant growth in 2006. Growth in the service sector is contributed to the expansion of retail, increase in customer contact centers, and ongoing growth in the tourism industry (The Economy).

The culture sector includes advertising, architecture, broadcasting, design, festivals, film industry, heritage, performance arts, photography, sound recording and music publishing, visual arts, written media and other information services.

Some facts about the Culture employment in Canada and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador:

• Rural culture workers are more likely to be employed part-time while at the Canadian level, 22% of individuals where working part-time between the period of 1996-2003.
• Newfoundland and Labrador reported a higher growth of culture workers between 1996 and 2003 in the rural areas-this growth was the highest of all provinces in Canada
• The culture sector is a contributor to the prosperity of the economy in rural and urban regions

For further information, visit:
Creative Newfoundland & Labrador
Statistics Canada
Cultural Policy for Newfoundland and Labrador

Getting Help Finding A Job

There are a number of community and government programs that can assist any individual in finding a suitable job and explore employment options. To find out about these employment opportunities, you should contact the local EAS (Employment Assistance Service) offices. Each of these offices has clients that have different barriers to employment, and we assist with job search, career exploration & resume writing. These offices also have free access to computers, internet, faxing, photocopying and many other resources.

Community Employment Readiness Center (free service)
Upper Level – Viking Mall
P.O. Box 343, St. Anthony A0K 4S0
454-3027 Fax 454-3056
(We offer free employment services such as resume assistance, photocopying, faxing and internet use for job search.  We also have career counseling services).
MON – FRI: 8:30am – 4:30pm

Other ways to find career information about the job market in the community of St. Anthony is to search the following or contact the businesses in the community.
The Northern Pen Newspaper

Other Helpful Links
Service Canada-Job Bank
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Starting A Business

Any individual looking to start their own company would be required to follow the proper procedures and can receive assistance as you get started. Individuals have started companies representing a wide range of industries and some have taken advantage of the services available in St. Anthony that have assisted them in the commencement of their businesses.

Central Community Development Corporation (CBDC- is a non-profit corporation that assists in the creation of small business and in the expansion and modernisation of existing business by providing financial services to entrepreneurs. The corporation offers term loans, interim/bridge financing, loan guarantees and equity financing up to a maximum amount of $125,000 for business start-up or expansion.

Phone: 709.247.2040

Newfoundland and Labrador Organisation of Women Entrepreneurs (NLOWE)-Services are free of charge to any woman in the province. Clients can receive personal, one-on-one attention from NLOWE Business Development Coordinators, as well as the advice, guidance and professional support needed to reach business goals and succeed.
Contact: Tina Rowe
Grand Falls-Windsor, NL
Phone: (709) 489-1153
Toll Free: 1-877-650-3966

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Former Minister of Human Resources, Shawn Skinner, stated that “We need people if we are going to grow the province, attract investment and address rapidly emerging skill shortages in the economy.” In December 2007, the provincial government pledged $6 million over three years to establish an Office of Immigration and Multiculturalism and to support immigration services and initiatives (CIC News).

One of these initiatives is the Provincial Nominee Program that has been a significant part of the new strategy. The PNP seeks to recruit immigrants who have specialized occupational or entrepreneurial skills. Through an agreement with the Government of Canada, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador may nominate immigrants, who can contribute to the economic and social goals of the province, for permanent resident status.
Contact: Office of Immigration and Multiculturalism

Department of Human Resources, Labour and Employment,

Attn: Program Officer
Provincial Nominee Program
P.O. Box 8700
St. John’s, NL, Canada
A1B 4J6
Phone: 709-729-6607

Registering a Business

In order to register a business in the Town of St. Anthony, the following process must be followed:

• Decide on a Name
• Decide on the Best Form of Business for you (Sole Proprietorship, Partnership or Corporation
• Address your licensing, permit and bylaw obligations
• Register the Business
• Get a Business Number (from Canada Revenue Agency)
• What taxes should be charged? (GHT/PST/HST)
• Workers Compensation-protect business and workers in case of injury
• Cover your Business Legally-Find a Business Lawyer
• Setting the books Straight-Accounting Information
• Get Equipped – any equipment that may need to be purchased

Business Permit and Application

For Business permits and applications, please contact the town office with any further questions at (709) 454-3453.